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Brisbane City

 

Postcode: 4000  | Distance to CBD: 0 km


Welcome to Brisbane City
Living in the Brisbane CBD is a relatively recent phenomenon and has become hugely popular. Forget about mowing the lawn and maintaining a private home and garden, city dwellers live in eyries in the sky, almost able to reach out and touch the fireworks in the many Brisbane festival events. They can walk to work, no need to take a car or public transport, have a few drinks at an award-winning restaurant and walk back home again - all in high heels if they choose! No slepping about the 'burbs for these city dwellers - they prefer a New York 'Sex and the City' sort of a lifestyle with the boutiques, cafes, theatres and movies that accompany it. Brisbane's CBD has proved very popular with the young and upwardly mobile and also with retirees whose children have left the nest and who can now enjoy the benefits of a lifetime in the workforce. Cosmopolitan, anyone?

Statistics
At the heart of Brisbane is the CBD, full of boutiques, restaurants, cafes and nightspots. The majority of households in the city are lone person households (they make up over 50%) with just over 31% of city households being family groups. While there are some separate houses, most dwellings in the city area are units.

Shopping
Start off in the Queen Street Mall, check out the Myer Centre, Wintergarden and Broadway on the Mall. If you still haven’t found what you’re after, go for a stroll – you’re bound to find what you’re after in one of the many specialty shop in the city heart.

Locals Comments
Christine says: The city of Brisbane is the best as it has so many things to see and do: the botanical gardens, museums, markets, shops, sidewalk cafes, swimming, take a holiday in Brisbane - there's so much to do.

Location
Capital city located in southeast Queensland.

Features
Commercial and retail heart of Queensland's capital city; QueensPlaza shopping complex; Queen Street Mall, Roma Street Parklands, Brisbane Botanical Gardens, access to the Brisbane River, Central and Roma St rail stations

Profile
Bordered largely by the Brisbane River, Brisbane city is the heart of retail and business activity in the Brisbane shire. Popular with professionals and students looking to live as close to work or university (Queensland University of Technology - QUT) as possible, the city's property market has experienced strong demand in recent years, mainly with investors.  The western side of Petrie Terrace was one of the first residential areas developed after Brisbane was settled. About 300 houses, typically built on small lots, are located in this area. These properties have undergone significant renovation and the price of property in the Petrie Terrace precinct has grown substantially. To ensure this neighbourhood loses none of its historic character, the Brisbane City Council has a special control plan to ensure future developments are in accordance with existing residential and historic built environments.

While the older style housing is still attracting some buyers, it is the refurbishment of older buildings into apartments that has been attracting the most attention. Inner city residential high-rise complexes were first developed during the late 1970s in the area bounded by Alice and Margaret streets and included Club Lodge and The Gardens complex. The catalyst for Brisbane city's residential surge was the conversion of two previous commercial buildings into residential apartments during the mid 1990s. Newspaper House was transformed into the Manor Apartments and Perry House into the Royal Albert Apartments. Several other former commercial buildings have since been converted to residential use with most conversions taking place along Ann and Edwards streets.

Living in Brisbane city means residents are in walking distance to major retailers, business offices, churches, parklands and gardens, QUT and all forms of public transport. Roma Street rail station also acts as a hub for intrastate and interstate coach and rail services. Residents also have easy access to the Riverside Expressway leading onto the Southeast Motorway and the Gold Coast, the Victoria Bridge and Goodwill Pedestrian Bridge leading into South Brisbane, the Story Bridge leading into Kangaroo Point, and the Inner-City Bypass.

Aboriginal history
The Aborigines of north Brisbane were Turrbal people. Breakfast Creek, called 'Yawagar' (or 'yowoggera') meaning 'corroboree place', was a popular camping and corroboree spot. The main encampment of the Turrbal clan was in "Yorks Hollow". This gully passes through Victoria Park and the Royal National Association Showgrounds at Bowen Hills. Breakfast Creek and the river were rich in fish. The Aborigines cultivated a type of marine worm, kan-yi, in tree trunks that were left to soak in the creek. The Turrbal were often referred to as the 'Duke of York's clan' and their leader was called the Duke of York. In 1836, the Commandant of the Penal Settlement, Foster Fyans, met the Duke of York, visited the 'rush made huts' on the river at Breakfast Creek, and watched members of the clan fishing with nets. In 1858 two Aborigines from the Breakfast Creek area, Dalinkua and Dalpie, wrote letters to The Moreton Bay Courier protesting about the treatment their people received at the hands of the white settlers.

Urban development
In 1825 the Brisbane penal settlement was selected as a penal settlement for doubly convicted prisoners. The Moreton Bay Penal settlement was closed in 1842 and land became available for free settlers. The population grew from 829 in 1846 to almost 6,000 by 1859, when Brisbane became capital of the self-governing colony of Queensland. By 1888, most evidence of convict occupation in the central business district was gone. In its place stood imposing buildings like Old Government House and Customs House. The grandeur of these buildings highlighted the strength of Brisbane's growing economy. The city has been subject to major flooding. The two most devastating floods have been the 1893 and the 1974 floods, both which destroyed homes and livelihoods. In the 1893 floods some houses were seen floating off their stumps and down the river before crashing into the Victoria Bridge. Sixteen people lost their lives in the 1974 floods, and an estimated $300 million damage was caused.

Notable residents
The first governor of the colony, Sir George Ferguson Bowen, and his wife Countess Diamantina Roma, lived in what is now known as Old Government House, adjacent to the Botanic Gardens at the end of George Street. They took up residence in April 1862 having lived in rented premises since their arrival in 1859. The governor was the administrator of government, taking an active role in day to day decision making and in determining the future development and management of Queensland. Twenty-two year old James Mooney was a volunteer fireman belonging to the City Brigade. He was called to a fire in Hughes's Queen Street grocery store in March 1877. While he and the other firemen were salvaging what remained from the fire a cask of spirits exploded, burning him so severely he died. A memorial to him can be found on the corner of Queen and Eagle Streets.

Landmarks
Parliament House has been a landmark since the construction of the main wing between 1865 and 1867. A further wing facing Alice Street was constructed between 1887 and 1889. Charles Tiffin, a colonial architect, designed the building. He allowed for a central court with the legislative chambers facing George Street and the government offices occupying other areas of the building. The Brisbane Synagogue at 98 Margaret Street was built in 1885 for the Brisbane Hebrew Congregation. Renovations took place in 1965 to celebrate the centenary of the formation of the Brisbane Hebrew Congregation. Many people who had lost family members during the Holocaust donated additional stained glass windows. At this time the congregation's spiritual name 'Kehilla Kedosha Sha'ari Emuna', - the Holy Congregation of the Gates of Faith- was added over the arched entry. Architects Hall and Prentice designed Brisbane City Hall, an impressive sandstone structure built between 1920 and 1930. Located in historic King George Square, it was built almost entirely of locally produced building materials. City Hall has a fully restored antique elevator, which you can ride to the top of the clock tower to experience fabulous views across Brisbane's central city and beyond.


Reference: Lesley Jenkins, BRISbites, 2000

 

 

 

 

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